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Ragusa, the city tour

The city tour can start from Ibla , with a stop at the Basilica of St. George, an important example of Sicilian Baroque . Completed in 1775 and designed by Rosario Gagliardi preceded by an elaborate facade and staircase divided into three parts by columns and decorative motifs of the time. The middle part , slightly convex, culminating in a belfry . On the three aisles stands a nineteenth-century dome taller than 40 meters, supported by 16 twin columns . Despite the architectural elements belonging to different eras - the staircase and the dome are posterior to the church I'insieme is remarkably harmonious . Inside are 13 stained glass windows representing the Martyrs of St. George , paintings by Vito D' Anna , a beautiful stone altar century , one of the Gaginis , in the sacristy , a beautiful altarpiece , remarkable sculptures Gaginian and a rich treasury of the saint.
 
In Piazza Pola , the church of St. Joseph 's façade is very similar to that of the basilica of San Giorgio , and for this attributed to Gagliardi . Inside, the nave with elliptical shape are preserved stucco paintings and other valuable Baroque operas , as well as a St. Joseph seventeenth-century silver .
Returning from Piazza Pola , embarked on Orphanage, the church welcomes us to Antonio, the already Santa Maria La Nuova, with a beautiful Gothic portal in the side , a remnant of the ancient church in the Gothic style , and a little portal Baroque . Inside the pub still see , in the portal of the sacristy , another remnant of the ancient structure . Not far away there I'ingresso Iblean or Garden of the Villa Comunale , well maintained , spacious and panoramic : in fact from its balcony boasting magnificent views of both the mountains and the valley of the flume Irminio . Within the garden there are three cheese : St. James , Capuchin of San Domenico or the Rosary. But just before the entrance of the Garden Iblean is the portal of the church of San Giorgio Vecchio, in the Catalan Gothic style , with the precious bezel of St. George slaying the dragon and the eagles nee two diamonds side Aragonese . The church of St. George, built towards the middle of the fourteenth century , in the period Chiaramonte , had to be very large ( three aisles ) and certainly very beautiful , judging by the magnificence of this portal with a strong splay , which , though now almost completely corroded by time and damaged by neglect , retains its ancient beauty with the sculptures in the soft local stone , it seemed embroidery. Inside the park, the church of San Giacomo maintains , the three naves was in the seventeenth century, only the central , Baroque , on the other hand as the bell tower. The church of San Domenico has a fourteenth-century bell tower decorated with colorful tiles , but dilapidated , with major fault lines in the facade . The church of the Capuchins, and characterized by a simple façade enlivened by four pilasters with Corinthian capitals , the neoclassical supporting a pediment flanked by two small towers. The interior of the church with a trussed roof houses one of the major works of Pietro Novelli said Monrealese , recognized as the most significant among the Sicilian painters of the seventeenth century : it is the Madonna with Angels and Saints ( one of the apostles , and a self-portrait of Novelli ) . We walk the streets of Ibla , returning to the Basilica of St. George, and head to the vault of the church of Santa Maria delle Scale in Via XXIV Maggio . Rebuilt after the earthquake , had saved the portal, a beautiful Gothic pulpit and the bell tower. Inside the arches are noteworthy Gothic type and sixteenth-century Renaissance and an image of the Virgin, terracotta work of the school of Gagini. From the terrace in front of the church branch off the stairs ( 250 steps) , which, ramps, take us back to Ragusa Ibla. Here, in the ancient core of the city meets the settecenteche was built by the Knights of Malta in 1639 , when he had to Ibla I'ordine a Commandery of the Knights of Jerusalem . On the door there's still the Cross of the Order of Malta. The interior is magnificent , richly decorated with altars , different about each other on the other. To the left of the church stands a bell tower that, in addition to the belfry , supports the balustrade of a small dome , whose octagonal base and covered with polychrome tiles of Caltagirone, decorated with vases and flowers. Not far away are Cosentini palace and palace Bertini . The first seven and a typical ^ Entish . Probably the most characteristic feature of these buildings , from whose edges jut elegant balconies supported by ornate corbels with a series of characters and a repertoire of animals, monsters , beasts , figures and faces horrible and fantastic , which are fairly common in the Sicilian Baroque . Palazzo Bertini , made by the family Floridia towards the end of 700, was later bought by Bertini, from which it took its name. Characteristic are three masks, set in the keystone of the windows. The three sculptures have been subject to different interpretations : the most commonly accepted and that of the " three powerful ." The first mask represent the poor deformed , which , with its tongue hanging out , with a few missing teeth and nose huge, has I'espressione person who, not possessing anything, can not be deprived of anything. At the other end would have represented the merchant, with the turban , the neatly trimmed mustache and I'aspetto quiet , the symbol of the man who has everything and anything can thanks to his money . The central figure is a nobleman , with a steady gaze and safe, the person can do everything, and thus represents the power of the aristocracy. II noble , as the center of society , and carved in front, between poverty and wealth. From Ragusa Ibla entry is now in Ragusa Superiore, the show in its urban layout and buildings face the eighteenth century it assumed with the reconstruction following the devastating earthquake of 1693. The building pib representative of this part of the city and certainly the Cathedral of St. John , is located in the homonymous square. The church, built try 1706 and 1760, has a beautiful baroque façade richly decorated portal and an imposing bell tower with spire . Things to see inside, the fine stucco decorations of the chapels in the nineteenth century. Behind the church is the Casa Canonica, beautiful baroque lightened by several windows with balconies . Along Via Roma towards Liberty Square , you reach the Ibleo Archaeological Museum (13 ), via Natalelli , housed on the ground floor of Hotel Mediterraneo , which preserves the archaeological finds of the excavations carried out in the province of Ragusa. They are cataloged topographically and chronological mind from Neolithic and divided into sections. The first section contains the testimonies of the Neolithic up to ETA ' Bronze ( Castelluccio culture ) . The second is dedicated exclusively to the findings of Camarina : necropolis kits , models of the city and Hellenistic and Roman pottery . The third section shows traces of the first Sicilian settlements : of particular interest and the documentation center of Monte Casasia and the necropolis of Castiglione and Ragusa Ibla. The fourth section contains documents relating to the centers of the Hellenistic age , in particular to the excavations at Scornavacche , and reconstruction with original materials from the workshop of a potter . The fifth section contains materials from Roman and late Roman age with a rich documentation from the centers of Caucana and Camarina , which have yielded a beautiful floor mosaics belonging to an early Christian church . Not far from the museum three bridges pass over the quarry of Holy Sunday: The bridge of the Capuchins (14 ), the first of Ragusa , was built thanks to the efforts of the friars, and in particular Occhlpinti Scopetta father , who supported the need for a bridge that exceeds the valley greatly shortening the road and eliminating the effort of the climb . The bridge , opened in 1835 , was conceived by two orders: I'inferiore with four arches and the top ten .
A short hike you can accomplish two kilometers from the city, where the plants are located in mining and processing of bituminous limestone . In the open air or in the gallery, they represent one of the largest of the kind. Not far from the mines Recent excavations have brought to light a latomia , that ' a cave carved into the stone , with the tombs of the early Christian age (fourth century AD).
 
Source: Province of Ragusa - Tourism Sector